HOW TO PERFORM WUDHU / ABLUTION

 

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Silsila Qadria Naushahia>Islamic Resource>Basic Teachings Of Islam>How To Perform Wudhu / Ablution

  

  

  

WUDHU / ABLUTION

 

 Wudhu is the act of washing parts of the body using clean water, as part of the preparation for ritual worship, namaaz. Wudhu is often translated as "partial ablution", as opposed to ghusl, or "full ablution".

 

The Qur'anic mandate for wudhu comes in the sixth ayat of sura 5 (Al-Ma'ida):

 

"O you who believe! when you rise up to prayer, wash your faces and your hands as far as the elbows, wipe your heads and your feet to the ankles; and if you are under an obligation to perform a total ablution, then wash (yourselves) and if you are sick or on a journey, or one of you come from the privy, or you have touched the women, and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth and wipe your faces and your hands therewith, God does not desire to put on you any difficulty, but He wishes to purify you and that He may complete His favor on you, so that you may be grateful."

 

There are other acts that are performed during wudhu (coming from the sunnah of the prophet Muhammad (saw) and Sunni Islamic scholars) and the detailed acts of the wudu can be classed into 3 types:

 

Faraid al-wudhu - seven fard (obligatory) acts. If one of these acts is omitted, it must be returned to and then completion of the successive acts are to be performed.

 

Making the intention (neeyat).

Washing the face.

Washing the arms.

Wiping the head (in the manner of anointment).

Wiping the feet to the ankles.

Rubbing thoroughly when washing.

Not interrupting wudhu.

 

Sunan al-wudhu - seven sunnah (Optional - practised by the prophet Muhammad (saw) according to Sunni Hadiths) acts. If one of these acts is omitted, it should be completed.

 

Washing the hands.

Rinsing the mouth.

Sniffing water and blowing it out

Wetting the hands to rub the ears.

Rubbing the ears.

Doing the acts of ablution in order.

 

Mustahabbat al-wudhu - a handful of mustahab (recommended) acts that are considered to make the wudhu better. If one of these acts is omitted, the wudhu is still considered valid.

 

Reciting the bismillah before commencement of wudhu.

Reciting the shahadah after the ablution

Brushing the teeth before ablution.

Repetition of each act 3 times.

Choosing a clean place for ablution.

Not wasting water in ablution.

 

 

 

PERFORMING WUDHU

 

 

Prior to performing wudhu, it is important that you have completed the Istanjaa (cleaning the private parts of the body with clean water).

 

1 - Make the neeyat . intention to perform wudhu

 

2 - Pray Bismilla-hirrahmaan-nirraheem

 

3 - Wash the hands up to and including the wrists - also wash between the fingers

 

4 - Wash your mouth 3 times by using your right hand to put water in your mouth and rinsing (try to gargle also allowing the water to reach the throat)) - between rinsing brush your teeth with miswaak or your right index finger. Miswaak will be more benficial as this is a sunnah of prophett Muhammad (saw)

 

5 - Wash the nose 3 times. Each time, gently place water into the nose with the right hand, and exhale by placing left at the top of your nose (releasing anything in the nose).

 

6 - Wash the entire face three times (from the top of the forehead to the bottom of the chin, and from earlobe to earlobe), Place water in your hands by holding both hands together and then gently pour the water over your face making sure you rub the face from he top of the forehead to the bottom of the chin, and from earlobe to earlobe - try not to splash the water too harshly.

 

7 - Wash both arms up to the elbow 3 times. Pass fingers of both hands through each other.

 

8 - Wet hands and starting with your hands flat on the top of your head near the hairline, wipe them to the back of the neck. This is only done once. This act is called masah of the head.

 

9 - With wet fingers, place thumbs at backs of ears, use index finger on curves of ear and middle finger to wash the ears (front and back). Then the back of the neck is wiped with the reverse of your hand. This is only done once. This is called making masah the ears.

 

10 - Run all fingers through the beard

 

11 - Wash both feet up to the ankles. Start with right foot and make sure you clean in between the toes using fingures from your left hand.

 

Rinse your hands when finished.

 

The following acts (or incidents) break the ablution:

 

Excretion of any matter from the frontal or posterior excretory organs.

Vomiting in mouthful quantity.

Discharge of blood, pus or yellowish liquid from the body - which makes the discharge flow.

Sleeping while taking support from any object.

Flow of water from an infected eye.

Laughing out loud whilst in Prayer.

Loss of consciousness, or onset of insanity.

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